Tessco Wireless Journal June July 2015 Page 2 TESSCO Wireless Journal June/July 2015

JUNE JULY 2015 Product information and performance claims are provided by manufacturers. 2 (continued from page 1) IP Network Transitions Network Transition that details the impact of the transition, outlines the applications that will be affected and offers a review of technologies a utility should consider in preparation for the transition. This IP Network Transition White Paper is the result of a genuine collaboration between SNC utility members and technology partner members. The authors recognized that utilities, in general, were not fully aware of the IP Network Transition and that it was difficult for them to receive credible information from their carriers because the transition differs from carrier to carrier and from service territory to service territory. Even if they were aware, telecom managers have reported difficulties in creating the needed level of awareness in senior and executive level management. In addition, the IP Network Transition is focused heavily on the potential effects on residential, small business and public safety customers with little or no mention of the potential effects on utilities. This lack of familiarity, in turn, leads to challenging discussions with the state regu- lators when the time comes to justify the funds needed to upgrade the network. The SNC has started education efforts aimed at both the FCC and the state public utility commissions. When carriers propose discontinuance of services under Section 214 of the Telecommunications Act, they generally note the availability of "like" or "comparable" tech- nologies available from themselves or other carriers before they will discontinue the ser- vices within 120 days. However, there are many uncertainties. In the case of offering wireline connections, the utility would have to pay the carrier to build the fiber to the substation and incur the monthly service charge. Since carriers do not provide power for fiber-based circuits, the utility would need to spend sig- nificant funds to provide power at the same level of reliability. In addition, there are distinct Mining for Answers to New Digital Oilfield Challenges In January 2015, the Obama administration announced a new plan to cut methane emissions in the oil and gas sector by a whopping 40 to 45 percent by 2025. The 10-year deadline was spurred by new evidence regarding just how much methane big oil vents into the atmosphere; methane emissions account for 10 perecent of all greenhouse gas emissions, and 30 percent of methane emissions come from oil and gas facilities. Until 2013, cows produced the largest amount of methane gas in the nation-but now that cattle have ceded the first-place spot in methane emissions to big oil, demands for greater responsibility and account- ability are taking oil and gas companies by storm. As part of its role in helping oil and gas companies reduce methane emissions, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is issuing new technological guidelines for leak detection and emissions reporting. Per these guide- lines, oil and gas companies will need to spearhead the innovation and implementation of new and existing remote sensing technologies to monitor machinery at fields and fracking sites around the globe. Most oil and gas companies have already installed remote sensing technologies to help boost efficiency and, consequently, profitability. These technologies-and the workflow processes used to operate them-comprise the ever-broadening list of tools and techniques that make up the "digital oilfield." Wireless technology companies have contributed key devices and networking solutions to this digital oilfield; those contributions are expected to reach new heights in response to the 2015 environmental legislation. The EPA plans to leverage the influence of the digital oilfield to make changes in industry standards regarding regular monitoring of methane emissions. Over the course of the next decade, big oil companies will be expected to augment their existing remote monitoring systems by adding new devices or, at the very least, making serious upgrades to existing devices. Ensuring that these devices work accurately across great distances will be a major challenge for oil and gas companies, and a major opportunity for sensor and measurement manufacturers and network providers. There will simply be no room for obsolescence in the devices and systems that allow oil and gas operations to run smoothly; wireless companies will be called upon to introduce and maintain state-of-the-art mobile and networking technologies in the oil and gas sector, deepening their existing partnership with oil and gas. The wireless technology sector is uniquely positioned to make significant innovations in the digital oilfield. Top- of-the-line wireless sensors, two-way communication devices and networking systems will mean the difference between the oil companies who can keep up with environ- mental legislation and those who cannot. The call for innovation in the digital oilfield comes with its own unique challenges for wire- less companies. Chief among these challenges will be providing reliable backhaul solutions to maintain the flow of massive amounts of data across many miles-from the physical drilling site to each company's off- site monitoring facilities. Bandwidth requirements are expected to steadily increase as more and more oil and gas companies augment their own digital oilfields with new devices and systems. Reliable communications between on- and off-site employees will become increasingly critical as teams work to monitor machine safety under the EPA's new demands. Ensuring that these devices work accurately across great distances will be a major challenge for oil and gas companies, and a major opportunity for sensor and measurement manufacturers and network providers. FEATURED MANUFACTURERS FEATURED SOLUTIONS

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